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UBC Releases Comprehensive Tax Fraud Report

The United Brotherhood of Carpenters (UBC), one of North America’s largest building trades unions, has released the first-ever study to measure the national scope and extreme financial costs of construction industry tax fraud. The report, titled How Cheating Hurts Us All: The Costs of Fraud in the Construction Industry, provides an in-depth analysis of the scope, scale, and impact of the tax fraud issue on workers, businesses, and American taxpayers. The report also marks the first attempt to study this issue in more than 30 years.

The Report Marks First-Ever Study to Measure Scope, Monetary Costs of Industry-Wide Tax Fraud

“Rampant tax fraud in the construction industry is not just a labor issue or an issue of workers’ rights; it’s an issue of fairness,” said United Brotherhood of Carpenters General President Douglas J. McCarron. “When corrupt businesses cut corners to dodge their tax responsibilities, their tax burden doesn’t simply go away; it shifts to their employees, to law-abiding businesses, and to the American people. Workers, responsible businesses, and taxpayers are fulfilling their civic duties and paying their fair share. It’s only right that these businesses do the same.

“We commissioned this report by leading researchers because, for years, the main challenge slowing law enforcement and legislative action on combating tax fraud was a lack of data. Now, with the release of this report, we are showing the enormous scale and impact of this issue and providing government officials with the knowledge to do something about it. We cannot allow businesses to continue to commit this fraud at the expense of our workers, our families, and our communities. It’s time for our leaders to step up and take action.”

Construction industry tax fraud refers to a set of practices that construction firms and business owners use to reduce or eliminate their tax burdens in order to boost their profits and lower costs. Tax fraud, also known as payroll fraud, can include intentionally misclassifying full-time workers as independent contractors or paying them “off-the-books” in cash-only arrangements. By committing this fraud, businesses dodge their responsibilities to provide legally required worker benefits like workers’ compensation, unemployment insurance, and overtime pay. And because this fraud allows corrupt businesses to evade their taxes, workers, law-abiding businesses, and American taxpayers are forced to cover tax losses and shoulder the full costs of Social Security, Medicare, and other state and federal programs.

The “How Cheating Hurts Us All” Report

UBC commissioned this report to measure the incidence of tax fraud across the United States and the costs associated with this fraud, including tax losses, revenue shortfalls, and lost wages. The report, which relies on household surveys and 2017 payroll records, found instances of tax fraud on 12.4% to 20.5% of construction sites, affecting 1.3 to 2.16 million workers nationwide. It also found that tax fraud robbed workers of at least $811.1 million in overtime pay, offloaded approximately $3.5 billion of businesses’ employment taxes onto workers, and led to combined state and federal tax losses of approximately $8.4 billion. The full report is available here

The report arose from concerns about a lack of public information and relevant data on the tax fraud issue; the last government-issued report on this topic was published by the IRS in 1984. Without relevant data, lawmakers, regulators, and law enforcement cannot develop the tools or the expertise to combat tax fraud. This report seeks to address that challenge by demonstrating the enormous scale of construction industry tax fraud and proposing solutions and action steps for government and law enforcement officials to respond to it. 

Regional Councils to Hold National Days of Action Events to Raise Awareness, Demand Action on Tax Fraud Issue

In April, UBC members will take part in the 2nd Annual Tax Fraud Days of Action, a week-long series of public events to raise awareness about construction industry tax fraud. UBC regional councils across the United States and Canada will hold more than 100 events in 75 cities to organize workers around this issue and to call on government officials to fix it. The events will take place April 14-18 to coincide with National Tax Day. Learn more about this issue or the Tax Fraud Days of Action by visiting stoptaxfraud.net/standup/.

File: National-Carpenters-Study-Methodology-for-Wage-and-Tax-Fraud-Report-FINAL.pdf